Early in 2018, the Publicly Available Specification (PAS) for Health and Safety was published. This became the 6th document in the 1192 series, PAS 1192-6:2018. This specification document covers the topic of collaborative sharing and the use of structured health and safety data using BIM. Our BIM Certification Scheme Manager, Dr Steve Marriott, explains the purpose of this document and how it relates to Building Information Modelling (BIM).
Whilst the obligations for protecting workforce and the public is placed upon UK industry (covered by the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and several other Acts and Statutory Instruments), the sharing and collaboration of health and safety information in the project and asset lifecycle has been limited in the world of BIM and general UK construction industry.
PAS 1192-6:2018 aims to rectify this limited collaboration by providing a framework in which health and safety information can be shared and developed through the BIM process. This can help to improve the knowledge of all parties involved to the various risks and hazards, and methods to mitigate against them.
With the increased use of BIM, the identification of ‘foreseeable risks’ has a potential to significantly increase where modelling is applied. The model provides designers and clients with a greatly improved level of detail, allowing early identification relating to the sequence and magnitude of any risk or hazard. This can be achieved using 3D modelling and further development of 4D time-line animations. This will allow designers and clients to review, assess and communicate more effectively the hazards and risks associated with the construction of assets to all parties involved, at all levels.
One of the main principles of the PAS is to recognise and reflect on the lessons learnt throughout the project’s development. This will enable you to introduce good practices and innovate and improve these on a continual basis.
The standard provides guidance on how health and safety information is produced in a consistent format. However, the PAS does not define or supersede any requirements set out in any relevant statutory provisions.
Collaboration of this nature, coupled with multiple design teams working on different aspects of a project, means it is beneficial and highly recommended that the Client appoints a Principal Designer.
The Principal Designer has the responsibility, and more importantly the authority, to manage and coordinate the sharing of health and safety information. This allows the Principal Designer to develop, implement and maintain a project specific design plan and approach to managing risks and hazards.
However, the potential increased benefit from BIM to the health and safety of an asset is not limited to its construction. The ongoing maintenance and operation of an asset, and thus the whole lifecycle of a project (including its demolition), can benefit from the approach laid out in the standard. This allows for a consistent, integrated and digital format that can be passed on from one asset owner to the next (when needed).
In short, the PAS specifies how to use health and safety information to:
BIM Level 2 is now mandated on all public-funded UK construction projects. Stroma Certification offers BIM Certification to PAS 1192-6, as well as its sister standards:
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